Romans 11 Study Sheet

1. When Paul began this section in Romans chapter 9, he stated his “great sorrow and unceasing anguish” (Romans 9:2) that he had because of the fact that so many Jews were not saved. In the next two chapters (Romans 9 and 10) he talks about salvation by faith. As he begins the 11th chapter he asks a question that is extremely pertinent to the discussion, “Has God _____________ his people?” (Romans 11:1) and answers it with a phrase we have become familiar with, that is “By no means!” (Romans 11:1). He offers himself as proof, that is, he is an Israelite, a descendent of Abraham, and from the tribe of Benjamin (Romans 11:1). His second assertion is that we have a history with God that says he doesn’t reject those who he foreknew were wanting to serve him. In the days of Elijah, it looked as though no one was willing to follow God. Elijah cried out, “Lord, they have killed your __________, they have demolished your __________, and I alone am left, and they seek my _________” (Romans 11:2-3; this incident can be found in I Kings 19:9-18). God’s reply to Elijah? “I have kept for myself _______ ____________ men who have not bowed the knee to Baal” (Romans 11:4). This led Paul to recognize that he was not the only Jew being saved. As a matter of fact, “So too at the present time there is a __________, chosen by grace” (Romans 11:5). “But if it is by _____________, it is no longer on the basis of ___________” (Romans 11:6). So the same belief that leads to justification and confession that leads to salvation (Romans 10:9-10), including calling on his name (Romans 10:12) and obeying the gospel (Romans 10:16) will lead to God’s grace for the Jew as well as the Gentile!

2. The Israelites failed to obtain salvation by trying to work their way into it, but the “elect” did obtain it. The ___________ obtained it and the rest were _____________ (Romans 11:7). Paul reminds his readers (Romans 11:8-10) that this is what was prophesied in the Law (Deuteronomy 29:4), the prophets (Isaiah 29:10), and the Psalms (Psalm 69:22-23). This takes in the major parts of the Old Testament.

3. So why would this happen? Was the purpose just to make the Jews fall? Paul again asserts his strong negative, “By no means!” (Romans 11:11). “Rather through their _____________ salvation has come to the ___________” (Romans 11:11). This made them jealous, however, it provides “riches for the ___________” and “riches for the _____________” (Romans 11:12). And their full inclusion would mean even greater riches! (Romans 11:12).

4. Paul’s point to the Gentiles is that they should see the big picture: the Jews rejection brought reconciliation between God and the world and if that is so, their, i.e. the Jew’s, acceptance would mean “_________ from the _________” (salvation) for Jews also (Romans 11:15). He gives a couple examples: (1) holy dough makes the whole lump holy and (2) if the root that feeds the tree is holy, so will the branches be.

5. This next section of the chapter uses the illustration of an olive tree to show the relationship between God and people. To understand the illustration it is important to understand that the root of the tree is God, the natural branches are the Jews and the grafted-in branches are the Gentiles. Some of the natural branches (the Jews) were “broken off” and some wild branches (the Gentiles) were grafted in so that both the natural and grafted branches share nourishment from the same root system (Romans 11:17). Paul’s admonition is that no one has the right to become arrogant because, “it is not you who support the _______, but the root ____________ _____” (Romans 11:18). You are a branch that has been grafted in, but remember from whence comes your help (Psalm 121:1). A second approach might be to say “I’m something special because, ‘branches were _________ _____ so that I might be _________ ____’” (Romans 11:19). Paul affirms this to be true, but asks them to remember why it happened: “They were broken off because of their ___________, but you stand fast through _________” (Romans 11:20). Recognizing this will cause one to stand in awe of God’s power rather than to be proud or arrogant. We are asked to keep in mind that if God did not spare the natural branches, neither will he spare the grafted in branches (Romans 11:21). What one must always do is, “Note then the ______________ and _______________ of God: severity toward those who have fallen, but God’s kindness to you, provided you continue in his kindness. Otherwise, you too will be _____ ____” (Romans 11:22). One must keep in mind that “even they, if they do not continue in their __________ will be grafted in” (Romans 11:23a). The reason: “God has the ___________ to graft them in again” (Romans 11:23b). He points out that it is easier to graft the natural branch back in than it is to graft wild branches in their place (Romans 11:24).

6. Still concerned about the Gentiles believing that they are something special because they were grafted in, Paul urges them to not “be wise in your own ____________” but rather understand the mystery: God allowed a partial hardening of the Jews so that the Gentiles could come in (Romans 11:25). The Gentiles need to understand that all Israel can be saved just like they can, that is by being grafted into God’s olive tree by having the same faith as the Gentiles (Romans 11:26). Although it had been prophesied that there would be those who didn’t believe (see Romans 11:8-10) it was also prophesied in Isaiah 59:20-21 and Isaiah 27:9 that the deliverer (Christ) would come out of Zion (the Israelite nation) and that there would be ones who would have their sins taken away (Romans 11:26-27). “As regards the __________, they are ______________ of God for your sake” (Romans 11: 28) shows that their unbelief was necessary so that Gentiles could come into God’s family. However, God wanted them to be saved every bit as much as he wanted the Gentiles to be saved and keeps his gift of salvation and his calling available (Romans 11:28-29). The Gentiles in the past had been disobedient to God and so had the Jews (Romans 11:30-31). The only way either group could be saved is by God’s mercy and he is willing to have mercy on all (Romans 11:32).

7. As Paul considers how good God has been to both Jew and Gentile and how that he has made it possible for all to be saved, he can not help but honor God with one of the most beautiful passages of scripture: “Oh, the depth of the _________ and ____________ and _____________ of God! How unsearchable are his judgments and how inscrutable his ways! For who has known the mind of the Lord, or who has been his counselor? Or who has given a gift to him that he might be repaid? For _______ him and__________ him and ____ him are all things. To him be glory forever. Amen.” (Romans 11:33-36).

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